Specifications and terminology-How to order a pallet:

Types and Terms:
1.  Decking:  Pallets are assembled with horizontal top and bottom boards, called decking, which are selected to carry an intended load: The size of the load and its weight are the main consideration. Boards are placed on the deck to safely protect the load with the least expense. They can be thick or thin, hardwood or softwood, narrow or wide, and may be placed close together or far apart, all depending on its intended use.
        NOTE:  The length of the deckboard determines the width of the pallet and is ALWAYS the 2nd number in your pallet size specification. 
2. Stringer:     Decking is attached to the pallet by means of the stringer, or sometines called "runners" and these are the vertical component providing strength and support of the wooden    pallet.  These also, may be of any length or thickness, again depending on the use of the pallet.   Stringers are notched or plain depending on the need for for side access.        
        NOTE:  The stringer size determines the length of the pallet, and is ALWAYS the first number when specifying your pallet.  For example, the most often requested pallet in the industry, the "48-40" grioery pallet.  That's 48" long, and 40" wide.  Reversing these two numbers, length and width, is an error that will generate an absurd price.
  3. Four-way pallet: This specification refers to the way in which the pallet is handled, whether in storage in stacks, or under load.  The end of the
pallet, (width), provides access for a "Pallet Jack", and a forklift, while the side, (the length), can only be accessed by a forklift.  
83% of the 1.4 billion pallets in today in the USA are "4-way pallets measuring 48" long and 40 inches wide.  These are used throughout the grocery industry becauuse se of the convenient match with the length and width of the trucks that transport groceries.  

 4. Two way pallets:  Are usually specified when a lot of weight such as an oil drum, or heavy chemicals must be loaded on board. These have no access from the side of the pallet and because they have no notches, the stringer is stronger.

   5. Skid:   This is a special application design for a pallet that does not have bottom deckboards.  It provides access only at the ends of the pallet and will frequently be found in the dairy industry, or for "sod" transportation.
  6. 9-Block Pallet:    These pallets are assembled with 4" and 6" blocks, and are designed for full 4-way access by both forklifts and pallet-jacks.  They are strong and durable, but very expensive to build.  For that reason, they are used almost exclusively by the rental pallet industries, dominated by Chep, (Blue color), and Peco, (red color).  There are around 88 million of these presently in domestic service, in the types of distribution networks able to provide recovery and monitoring of the pallets.
   Pallet Recycle is the largest depot and repair facility for the red Peco pallet in South.  Should you have an interest in this pallet we will happily direct you to the "red pallet" folks. 

   7. Notch:
  Stringers are almost always notched so as to provide entrance on the side of a pallet for forklifts.  It is cut with special wood tooling so that the dimension will be 9" long, and generally 1 1/2" high.  Standard position of the notch is 6" from EACH end of the stringer, on a standard 4-way pallet.

B.    Pallet Repairs

 1. Block:    A 1/2 stringer, generally 24" long, usually with a notch in one end.  It will be inserted between the top and nottom decks to repair the broken component and provide the missing support.  Several "blocks can be found on either end of the pallet, limited to two per stringer at either or both ends.
    2. Plate     Similar to construction plates used in truss manufacturing, these are used to strengthen a stringer which has been split in rough handling.  Pallet Recycle has very few "Plates" in their "A" grade, or #1 pallet.  As long as the stringers are all good, the pallet will still qualify as an "A" grade pallet.
    3  Corrugated nails; Staples:  An alternate means of repair for a split stringer

                                            C.   Pallet Grades

Pallets are routinely damaged through improper handling, and must be repaired before returning to service.  They are fixed at stations equipped to do these repairs either by replacing the broken component, or shoring them up with additional wood.  They are graded and sold accordingly, following the repairs.

   1.  New pallet:  Assembled entirely using new lumber from the sawmills either Hardwood- Oak, Hickory Ash or Maple- or Softwood- Southern Pine, Spruce, (SPF) or West Coast Douglas Fir and Hemlock.  A pallet may be constructed  with vitually any type of lumber, from anywhere in the world, however performance characteristics vary greatly from specie to specie, and pallet design must allow accordingly.

   2.  "Combo" , or Combination pallet:  Assembled using new lumber and recycled Lumber for cost savings where cosmetic appearance or uniform size at market destination is critical.

   3.  Recycled Pallet:  A repaired pallet using recycled components, either starting from "scratch" to make a complete pallet per client specs, or one which has a few replaced
components-either or both, deck or stringer.

          a.  "B" Grade:  A repaired 48 x 40 4-way pallet which has a repaired stringer using a "block" or half stringer for support.  The "B" grade pallet may have several deckboards and stringer replacements enabling it to be put back into service.   The "B" or #2 is the least expensive means to put product onboard a pallet for transportation or storage.  There is no consideration for cosmetic appearance-just safety.  A "B" grade pallet that has several blocks on all of the stringers, which may interfere with the use of a pallet-jack is the lowest of all pallet grades.  This "C" grade, sometimes refered to as a trucker's pallet; pallet recycle has very few, and does not sell them.

          b.  "A"  Grade:  Is a used pallet requiring both cosmetic appearance for retail environments, as well as strength given at initial manufacture.  They are priced based on end use requirements, calling for hardwood or softwood, 6" or 4" leading-edge boards, (top, and or bottom), as well as thick or thin decking.   Pallets are always sorted for their end use at the repair tables, based on the customer needs in the pallet manufacturers clientele.  Pallet Recycle will sort for these individual specifications, but generally there will be availability on standard "A", premium A's and "Club"  grades used at retailers like Sam's or Costco.

          c.  the stringer has been broken stringer and "blocked", it is a "B".  Some pallet repair companies have equipment which can remove the broken stringer, insert a good one, then return it to service as an "A" grade pallet and be paid more for it.

         d.   Heat-Treated pallets.  The requirement for this specification is now worldwide for all products to be exported or imported on top of a wooden pallet.  A license MUST be given on demand which proves that the vendor is authorized to represent the pallet being purchased is indeed "HT".  The certificate will cover only those pallets with the same number as the number stamped on the side of the pallet.
The purpose of "Heat-Treating" is to kill bugs that live in wood, and prevent them from infesting other parts of the world, or country in which this pallet is to be
delivered.  Huge forestlands that once grew magnificent species such as Ash, and Chestnut, for example, have been lost to bugs and parasites from other regions, that have left the delivered wood fiber, a forest without a local "predator".

                                               PALLET RECYCLE'S STANDARD "A" GRADE PALLET


The difference between an "A" grade and a "B" pallet is the stringer.  Stringer repairs are
limited to plates or corregated nails only .  Pallet Recycle has very few plated pallet runners

                                                                     ** Pallet may contain any mix of pine or hardwood construction.
                                                                     **Double Runners are not allowed on an "A" Grade Pallet.
                                                                     **It may  have any mix of 4" or 6" decking, anywhere on the pallet.  Bottom deck  has 6" lead boards.
                                                                     **Deck boards will be of consistent thickness.  Deck board spacing is limited to 3 1/2" to 4" maximum. 
                                                                      ** Moderate weathering is to be expected.
                                                                      ** Fractured or completely broken boards,  as well as protruding nails are not allowed.

                                                            These guidelines are of a general nature.  Ask your Pallet Recycle Salesman to consider pricing on any specific needs
                                                            important to your operation.   Pallet deliveries are offered in truckload volumes only.





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